Ignaz (Issac Yehuda) Goldziher
Ignaz Issac Yehuda Goldziher, founder of the scholarly discipline for the research of Islam, was described as "a guide not only to those studying Islam, but also to those scholars who were knowledgeable about the field," and as someone "whose amazing and original scholarship of Islam has earned him international admiration." He is known to Hebrew readers mostly thanks to the translation of his classical book Lectures about Islam (1910) which was also translated into Arabic (1947). Most f his research and publications, however, some of which deal with Jewish-Arab literature, have not been translated. He studied in Hungary and Germany, and published his doctorate at the age of twenty. Goldziher was sent by the Hungarian minister of education on a study trip to the Middle East. For thirty years he made his living as the secretary of the neological community in Pest and only on the eve of the twentieth century, after he had achieved worldwide fame as the greatest scholar of Islam in his generation, did he receive a professorial chair in Semitic philology.